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Lab by Dr. Kevin Deluzio, PhD.

Running skeleton with movement markers

This state-of-the-art facility offers a unique means to measure the mechanical factors of joint loading, orientation, and neuromuscular function during activities of daily living including high demand recreational and occupational tasks. Located in Hotel Dieu Hospital and with the Skeletal Observation Laboratory and the Centre for Neuroscience as its neighbours, this lab is uniquely situated to facilitate collaborative interdisciplinary research.

Layout & Equipment

The HMRL is located within Hotel Dieu Hospital, ideally situated in close proximity to orthopaedic clinics, the Skeletal Observation Laboratory and the Laboratory of Integrative Motor Behaviour. The HMRL fosters interdisciplinary collaborations between engineering, orthopaedics, and rehabilitation that are essential to the focus and innovation of research and translation of knowledge into clinically important applications.

Gait analysis in the HMRL

The sophisticated equipment of the HMRL allows researchers to analyze joint angles, oxygen consumption, joint loading and muscle activation during everyday activities. The HMRL provides the necessary infrastructure needed for Queen’s to become a world leader in this new area of health care research. 

Our laboratory consists of two motion capture collection volumes. The main volume is a large 50' x 25' open area surrounded by marker-based and markerless motion capture camera systems and includes four ground-embedded force platforms. From the control desk, we are able to record motion capture, ground reaction force, and electromyography data while research participants perform dynamic tasks. The secondary volume features a dual-belt instrumented treadmill surrounded by another marker-based motion capture system, allowing us to collect data during steady-state walking or running. Between these two collection volumes we are able to study a wide array of activities, including tasks of daily living such as walking and stair ambulation to dynamic athletic tasks such as jumping and cross-cutting maneuvers.


architectural image of the HMRL


Research in the HMRL



Vajra Keller
Lab Manager / Research Engineer
2022 - Present
MASc Mechanical Engineering '22
Queen's University, Kingston


Robert M. Kanko, MASc
Lab Manager / Research Engineer
MASc Mechanical Engineering '20
Queen's University, Kingston

Elysia_Davis.jpg Dr. Elysia Davis, PhD
Post-Doctoral Fellow
LauraHutchinson_Headshot Laura A Hutchinson, MASc  
Lab Manager / Research Engineer
MASc Mechanical Engineering '16
Queen's University, Kingston
AndrewDickinson_Headshot Dr. Andrew WL Dickinson, PhD 
Lab Manager, Skeletal Observation Lab
PhD Computer Science '17
Queen's University, Kingston
Amy M. Morton Amy M Morton, MSc  
Lab Manager / Research Engineer
MSc Computer Science '11
Queen's University, Kingston
Adam Clancey Dr. Adam Clansey, PhD  
Post-Doctoral Fellow
Ross Miller Dr. Ross Miller, PhD  
Post-Doctoral Fellow


Student Alumni
Vajra_Keller.jpg Vajra Keller
MASc, Queen's University 2022
Supervisor: KJ Deluzio
Thesis: Practical Considerations for Effective Markerless Motion Capture Research
Megan Saftich
MEng, Queen's University 2022 
Supervisor: KJ Deluzio

MitchellWheatley_Headshot.jpg Dr. Mitchell Wheatley
PhD, Queen's University 2021
Supervisor: MJ Rainbow
Thesis: Why Do We Have Patellae? An Investigation of Patellofemoral Function and Dysfunction
Kieran_Eveleigh.jpg Kieran Eveleigh
MASc, Queen's University 2021
Supervisor: KJ Deluzio
Thesis: Balance Evaluation Using a Markerless Motion Capture System
MikeShepertycky_Headshot.JPG Dr. Michael Shepertycky
PhD, Queen's University 2021
Supervisor: Q Li
Thesis: Development and Evaluation of an Energy-Removing Lower-Limb Exoskeleton for Human Gait Assistance
LaurenWelte_Headshot.jpg Dr. Lauren Welte
PhD, Queen's University 2020
Supervisor: MJ Rainbow
Thesis: Arch-rivals? The roles of the windlass and arch-spring mechanisms in running
RobertKanko_Headshot.jpg Robert Kanko
MASc, Queen's University 2020
Supervisor: KJ Deluzio
Thesis: Validation of a Markerless Motion Capture System for Human Movement Analysis
LiamRodgers_Headshot.jpg Liam Rodgers
MASc, Queen's University 2020
Supervisor: MJ Rainbow
Thesis: Investigating Measurement Modalities for integrated Use in Overuse Injury Research
ZoeMack_Headshot.jpg Zoe Mack
MASc, Queen's University 2020
Supervisor: MJ Rainbow
Thesis: Causes and Effects of Variation in Wrist Range of Motion: Investigating the Kinematics of the Proximal Carpal Row
ChrisSaliba_Headshot.jpg Dr. Chris Saliba
PhD, Queen's University 2019
Supervisor: KJ Deluzio, MJ Rainbow
Thesis: Two muscles are better than one: Co-contraction engages antagonistic muscles in response to perturbation
Jean-Paul_Headshot.JPG Dr. Jean-Paul Martin
PhD, Queen's University 2019
Supervisor: Q Li
Thesis: Altering Compliance of a Load Carriage Structure in the Medial-Lateral Direction
JunTiagZhang Dr. Jun-Tian Zhang
PhD, Queen's University 2018
Supervisor: Q Li
Thesis: Passive Lower-Limb Exoskeletons for Human Gait Assistance: Development and Evaluation
ShannonNeville Shannon Neville
MASc, Queen's University 2018
Supervisor: KJ Deluzio
Thesis: Methods for Improving Ability to Investigate the Effectiveness of Non-Invasive Treatment Strategies for Medial Knee OA
AllisonClouthier Dr. Allison Clouthier
PhD, Queen's University 2018
Supervisors: KJ Deluzio and MJ Rainbow
Thesis: The relationship between knee joint shape and function: Implications for pathology and treatment
MylesAshallHeadshot Myles Ashall
MASc, Queen's University 2017
Supervisor: MJ Rainbow
Thesis: An Examination of Patellofemoral Joint Function Over a Range of Tasks
LauraHutchinson_Headshot.jpg Laura Hutchinson
MASc, Queen's University 2016
Supervisor: KJ Deluzio
Thesis: Improved Accuracy in Optical Motion Capture Measurements Leads to Increased Sensitivity to Kinematic Changes
LizHassanHeadshot Dr. Elizabeth Hassan
PhD, Queen's University 2016
Supervisor: KJ Deluzio
Thesis: Multivariate Techniques in Biomechanical Analysis
Jon Conte Jonathan Conte
MASc, Queen's University 2015
Supervisors: KJ Deluzio, Q Li
Thesis: IMU-Based Lower-Limb Joint Angles: A Comparison of Methods
GordonBestHeadshot Gordon Best
MASc, Queen's University 2016
Supervisor: MJ Rainbow
Thesis: Scaphoid and Lunate Carpal Mechanics Over the Spectrum of Healthy Function
Annemarie Laudanski Annemarie Laudanski
MASc, Queen's University 2013
Supervisor: Q Li
Thesis: Inertial Sensors for Kinematics Measurement and Activity Classification of Gait Post-Stroke
Lydia North Lydia North
MASc, Queen's University 2014
Dept. of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Supervisors: KJ Deluzio, T Bryant
Thesis: Range of Motion and Impingement in Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty
Marcus Brown Marcus Brown
MASc, Queen's University 2015
Dept. of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Supervisors: KJ Deluzio, S Selbie
Thesis: A novel method to analyze the mechanics of unloader braces for medial knee osteoarthritis
Scott Brandon Dr. Scott Brandon
PhD, Queen's University, 2015
Dept. of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Supervisor: KJ Deluzio
Thesis: Brace Yourself: Reducing Medial Knee Loading for Treatment of Osteoarthritis


Visiting Researchers
GerdaStrutzenberger Dr. Gerda Strutzenberger, PhD
Senior Scientist, University of Salzburg, Austria
Mar - May 2019
Valentina D'Angeli Valentina D'Angeli, P.Eng.
Research Engineer, Movement Analysis Laboratory, Rizzoli Orthopaedics Institute (IOR), Bologna, Italy 
March-May 2013


Visiting Students
Anja_Behling.jpg Anja-Verena Behling
PhD Candidate
May - Sept 2022
The University of Queensland
AsukaOhno Asuka Ohno
BSc Candidate
Jan-April 2019
College of Education and Human Sciences, South Dakota State University, USA
Evy Meinders Evy Meinders
MSc 2018
Mar - May 2018
Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Renan Resende Dr. Renan Resende
PhD 2014
Sept 2012-Aug 2013
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Sylvia Cabral Dr. Silvia Cabral
PhD Candidate
Jan-March 2012 and April-June 2013
Biomechanics and Functional Morphology Lab, Faculty of Human Kinetics, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal



Name Supervisor
JacobCalderone.jpg Jacob Calderone, MASc Candidate KJ Deluzio
MicrosoftTeams-image-2.png Kayla Lee, MASc Candidate MJ Rainbow
Erin Lee Vanier.jpg Erin Lee, PhD Candidate MJ Rainbow
Jereme_Outerleys.png Jereme Outerleys, PhD Candidate KJ Deluzio
Anja_Behling.jpg Anja-Verena Behling, PhD Candidate

L Kelly (The University of Queensland)

MJ Rainbow

Quinn_Yetman.jpg Quinn Yetman, MASc Candidate MJ Rainbow
Anastasija Mihic, QUIP Student KJ Deluzio



The HMRL was made possible though funds from national and provincial funding agencies as well as generous contributions from private donors:

Donald McGeachy Fund for Human Motion Performance
Betty and Michael Dicketts


Be a part of cutting edge research!

Donate to the HMRL


Research & Technical Staff

Kevin J. Deluzio, PhD, PEng

Dean of Engineering and Applied Science, Laboratory Head

Dr. Deluzio began his academic career at Dalhousie University in 1999 as one of the first faculty members of the new School of Biomedical Engineering, with a cross-appointment in the Deptartment of Surgery. There, he established the Dynamics of Human Motion Laboratory where his research focused on the investigation of the biomechanical factors of knee osteoarthritis and its treatment. He is currently a Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at Queen’s University, where he established the Human Mobility Research Laboratory.
He is interested in both non-surgical interventions aimed at slowing progression of knee osteoarthritis, and the evaluation and design of total knee replacements. Dr. Deluzio’s work in quantitative human motion analysis combined with pattern recognition techniques provides the means for objective and sensitive measurement of joint function.


Michael J. Rainbow, PhD

Associate Professor, Skeletal Observation Laboratory Head

Dr. Rainbow received his Bachelors of Science in Computational Physics at Penn State Behrend and his PhD in Biomedical Engineering at Brown University. His interest in biomechanics began in a gymnasium, where he applied the principles of mechanics to the gymnastics skills he was practicing. He was later introduced to the field of Clinical Biomechanics through an internship at the Motion Analysis Lab at Shriners Hospital for Children. The team at Shriners worked with Physicians to plan treatment strategies for children with musculoskeletal disorders. During his graduate studies at Brown, he continued his work in the musculoskeletal system by developing a three-dimensional multi-articular model of the human wrist joint.
Dr. Rainbow is currently using imaging and biomechanical modeling to gain a better understanding of the relationship between the structure and function of the wrist, foot, and patellofemoral joint. A better understanding of these relationships may help explain the pathomechanics of chronic injuries.


Qingguo Li, PhD, PEng

Associate Professor

Dr. Li received his PhD in the School of Engineering at Simon Fraser University (SFU). His doctoral research was in the area of robotics with a focus on developing non-grasping based manipulation methods for part transfer tasks. His doctoral work has won him the Governor's General Gold Medal. After his PhD, Dr. Li was a Post-Doctoral fellow in the School of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, at SFU. His research project was on biomechanical energy harvesting. This team developed a knee-based harvester, and currently it is being commercialized by Bionic Power Inc. Presently, he is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at Queen’s. His research interests are in biomechanical system design and wearable sensors for human movement analysis. By managing energy flow during human locomotion, efficient exoskeletons and energy harvesters could work in concert with the user to improve gait performance. Dr. Li also directs the Bio-Mechantronics and Robotics Laboratory at Queen's.


Elise K. Laende, PhD

Post-Doctoral Fellow


Vajra Keller, MASc

HMRL Manager / Research Engineer

(613) 544-3400 ext. 2042


Multicentre & Markerless Orthopedic Assessment Wiki

Supporting Documentation FAQ

Markerless motion capture technology is a promising tool for assessing orthopaedic conditions without the need for invasive markers. Our project aims to develop a database of clinical and healthy populations with partnerships across multiple institutions throughout Canada. 

Please use the links above to browse our Wiki to learn more about setting up a markerless motion capture system at your site.



As a Queen's research facility we welcome prospective collaborators and students. We do not offer clinical gait assessments, but are happy to direct inquires to those who do.

Hours of Operation:

Monday - Friday

9:00 AM to 5:00 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC -5:00)

Mailing Address:

Hotel Dieu Hospital
Human Mobility Research Laboratory
166 Brock St. Kingston, Ontario
K7L 5G2

Telephone: (613) 544-3400 ext. 2042

Twitter: @HmrlQueensu

Email Inquires:


The HMRL is located right in historic downtown Kingston, Ontario on the first floor of Hotel Dieu Hospital.

Location of HMRL - Montreal and Brock
View Larger Map

From the main lobby off Brock St., the HMRL is located between the Mary Alice and Johnson wings of the hospital.




Kingston General Hospital Hotel Dieu Hospital Queen's UniversityC-Motion Research BiomechanicsTheiaMarkerless_logo_red_black_name_runner_168x50.png